Nature steers all actions as causal sequence; Actions indeed are by qualities (and attitudes of people). However, fooled by ego, souls are deluded to think, “I am the doer” (instead he is just a means).
Commentary: What we see as doer is just the material effects though bodies of what metaphysical souls receive and react. Actions are by the Soul which is either deluded by Prakriti’s Triguna or takes cognizance of Purusha within, which is the element of God. Thus, Purusharth does not belong to the bodies but to souls which are enlightened by Purusha. Yet its physical implications are important for that is the only way to promote the goodness and restrain the evil.
If we do not like someone’s behaviour, at first it results in vengeance. But then we look at metaphysical factors behind their behaviour and try to see where he is coming from, then we tolerate him. Our reactions mature as illusion is wiped out, and it will have the positive repercussions, as others realize our behaviours in relation to theirs. Thus the layers of illusions are reduced. When we do something good, we tend to take credit. But if any mishap or accident happens we turn to hide behind excuses. Both acts are due to Maya, the illusion. Indeed, all events in this world are causal. Nothing is uncaused and random. But when we fail to understand the causality, it is a kind of illusion. As we react under illusion, in uncontrolled sequence we contribute to undesirable situations. Controlled we mend our ways and sometimes other’s, in Satwik gestures.
Situations give rise to an action, but the same situation may be dealt differently by different people owing to how they take it (in satwa, rajas and tamas attitudes and qualities). As said, information intake is through Ego, Intellect or Desire. Depending on which gate is active, reaction precipitates. People in satwa process through intellect. They think like ‘we care’ or ‘together we can do it’. People in rajas may come forward to help others, but claim their superiority, like ‘Look I did it, or challenge others saying, ‘Let me see what you can do’. But the one in tamas may callously say ‘who cares’ and look for his own interest alone ignoring holistic benefits to masses.
In any case, the trigger and the reactionary mode (ego, intellect, desire) is caused by Prakriti’s Triguna, satwa, rajas and tamas, respectively. Yet people think themselves as the doers. This is Maya, the illusion. Cognition to such illusions helps in realization of true self and Purusha within, and vice versa. Being egoistically selective in opinions and developing such presumptions, or confining one to bounded rationality are other reflections of illusions, that manipulates masses. For example, Metaphysics has already thrown its evidence, but science does not admit it. This is Maya too, veiling ‘our ignorance and inability to explain’ behind ‘being scientific and rejecting spirituality outrightly’.
Deluded hopes, deluded actions and beguiled knowledge veils their conscience and bewitch into Rakshasi (Beastly) and Aasuri (Devilish) nature as one takes recourse to fascinations in nature (out of tamas).
Ignorance is the cause of all delusions. Ignorance leads to presumptions and prejudices which fail.
(or) Constantly engaged in spiritual knowledge of metaphysical facts and reality, discovering gen, the ultimate truth – all these are declared as knowledge, anything else is ignorance.
These are the qualities of awaken souls with higher Consciousness. Note the discovery of gen includes all sciences that are the laws of nature. However, those repudiating spirituality, just because of their scientific background are prejudiced without discovering the truth. Their ignorance and illusion would be proven in couple of decades, as many truths are yet to be discovered scientifically. It is the spirituality that makes people great, more than their knowledge of physical sciences. Examples include Mother Teresa, Mahatma Gandhi, Pt Deendayal Upadhyaya, Barack Obama, Kailash Satyarthi and hundreds of thousands of people from around the world who are well known to the people even at the lowest strata of society. Very few people knew Mr Abdul Kalam as a scientist, despite his great contribution to nation’s missiles development and space programs. But he became very popular after he started connecting to people as a spiritual being (Not just because he was the President of India). However, being famous and popular is neither the indicator nor the criteria for greatness. It is about how one contributes to society and demonstrate his consciousness of superior levels. Some come to public domain and become popular, while others in oblivion remain duty-bound. They are not hungry of recognition. Common symptoms they demonstrate are all-encompassing empathy and unified humanity in egalitarian ways. All of them took cognizance of the single common soul of humanity, i.e. ‘Ekatma-Manavvaad’ as the term coined by Pt Deendayal Upadhyaya. From here, he created a socio-economic model, despite branching away from a socialist setup towards capitalism, he proposed hybrid models deriving benefits of both socialism and capitalism and remained focussed on universal development of all factions in the society. Dr Radha Krishnan gave the idea of "World Community". Mahatma Gandhi from the same singular soul philosophy coined the word Harijan for under privileged and tried to abolish the caste system and untouchability. Ancient Indian Rishis gave the slogan of Vasudhaiv kutumbakam, based on Vedic philosophies.
Truly, India needs customized solutions to its problems. Doesn’t matter how many Indian appear in the top twenty richest people of the world, it remains the poorest nation with 200 million sleeping hungry every night. Freebies cannot be provided to them, but reservations can be provided to affluent, ironically. Refurbishing slums and municipality hospitals are overheads to government, but interest free loans and tax-free holidays can be provided to capitalist, with their debts remaining unpaid for years or written off for all practical purposes. An illusion deeply seated in elite minds. Today democratic governments, living on private sponsorships are indebted to payback their crony sponsors, thus transferring benefits to selected few. Often funds are syphoned away to foreign banks as black money, mostly through inflated imports of technologies and capital goods. All this could be reversed by developing technologies in-house which in turn would not only offer multi-lateral benefits to educationists, universities, industries but also enhances engineering quality in the country giving way to several other technologies and thus the technological revolution can improve global image of the country. Customized solution can evolve only if the democracies elect thinking minds, and challengers as their leaders, not the conventional politicians who are experienced in playing the current game better than the opponents. Shed the illusions of misunderstanding favouritism as patriotism.